Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

There are many paths to parenthood, and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) has made it possible for many Alaskans to become parents. ART includes procedures such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), and third-party assisted procedures, including sperm donation, egg donation, surrogacy and gestational carriers.

The science of ART continues to evolve, and so do the legal issues connected with this technology. Colbert Family Law, LLC keeps current with this rapidly-evolving body of law in order to protect our clients' rights and facilitate the growth of their families.

Surrogacy and Gestational Carriers

Surrogacy offers a unique opportunity for those who are physically unable to bear a child to become parents. Both traditional and gestational surrogacy are permitted under Alaska law. Traditional surrogacy involves artificial insemination of the surrogate, and the surrogate is the child's biological mother. Gestational surrogacy takes place through in vitro fertilization (IVF) using either the intended mother's eggs or donor eggs; the surrogate is not genetically related to the child.

Colbert Family Law, LLC assists with preparing surrogacy contracts that clarify expectations and preserve the rights of all parties in this process. Contracts may include such issues as surrogate compensation, medical screenings, psychological screenings, health insurance, medical expenses not covered by health insurance, life insurance, and attorney fees.

In addition to negotiating surrogacy contracts with both sensitivity and great attention to detail, Colbert Family Law, LLC guides intended parents through each step of the legal process necessary to establish their legal relationship to the child.

Artificial Insemination and Sperm Donors

Many families build their families through artificial insemination using sperm from donors. Sperm donors are typically motivated by the desire to help others, but it is important to understand Alaska law with regard to the rights and obligations of both sperm donors and intended parents to avoid unwanted legal outcomes. Because a sperm donor may become a biological father to a child, it is necessary to follow certain procedures to ensure that he does not have a legal relationship with the child, such that he would be entitled to parenting time or required to pay child support.

Colbert Family Law, LLC offers legal counsel and contract preparation for sperm donors and intended parents. The issues we address include advising our clients of their rights and responsibilities, and offering referrals to qualified independent counsel for other parties to the agreement; preparing letters of release for agencies and physicians involved in the sperm donation; preparing and reviewing sperm donation agreements; and providing any legal services necessary to help the intended parents establish their rights to the baby.

Colbert Family Law, LLC serves clients throughout Alaska, from Anchorage and the Mat-Su Valley to remote villages. If you are considering building your family through ART, or acting as a sperm donor or surrogate for someone else, contact Colbert Family Law, LLC online or at (907) 279-5001 to learn more about your legal rights and responsibilities.